Chelmsford City Museums
Military COllection The Battle of Gundamuck

Military Collection

Last Stand of Gundamuck art

Military Collection


The museum’s collections illustrate the story of the County Regiment from its formation in 1751 through to amalgamation into the East Anglian Regiment in 1958. It includes artefacts, weaponry and uniform from serving soldiers in the different campaigns the regiment took part in, including National Service in Korea and Hong Kong. 

Discover our Military Exhibition.

Salamanca Eagle Military Collection
Salamanca Eagle

The Salamanca Eagle, a French regimental standard captured at the Battle of Salamanca in Spain in 1812. It has been used as the iconic emblem of the Essex Regiment ever since. 

Find out more about the battle.

Pewter Tankard Military Collection Chelmsford Museum
Pewter tankard

This tankard dates back to the 1760s, and is marked for the use of the 56th Foot Regiment (one of the two that combined to form the Essex Regiment). The 56th were nicknamed ‘the Pompadours’ after the dark purple colour they adopted,  similar to that favoured by  Madame de Pompadour, the  mistress of Louis XV.

Find out more about the history of the regiment.


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Last Stand at Gundamuck Military Collection
'The Last Stand at Gundamuck' 

An oil painting by William Barnes Wollen in 1898, depicting the defeat of the Essex Regiment in Afghanistan in 1841.

Find out more about the battle and the history of the regiment. 

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Cloisonne Chinese vase Military Collection
Gilt and cloisonne enamelled Chinese Vase

This was looted from the Summer Palace in Beijing in 1861.



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Banjo Military Collection Chelmsford Museum
Banjo and presentation tray

This set was owned by Harold Mugford from Chelmsford, winner of a VC when in the Essex Yeomanry. Mugford won the VC for keeping his gun position at Monchy-le-Preux in 1917 with both legs broken and having sustained other wounds.

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Teddy Bear Mascot Military Collection
Teddy bear mascot

This mascot was given to Sgt. Arthur Hubbard by his sister Ada from Westcliff, for good luck as he went overseas in 1917.

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False arm Military Collection
False arm 

This prosthetic arm worn by Russell Walker Byford, from Colchester after he lost an arm in October 1916 in France. He subsequently played football for Colchester Town and Coggeshall.